Steven Cheshire's British Butterflies
British Butterflies: Species: Species Account - The Black-veined White:
Black-veined White
Aporia crataegi (Linnaeus, 1758)

Black-veined White egg.
ova
  Black-veined White caterpillar.
larva
  Black-veined White chrysalis
pupa
Black-veined White
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Nomenclature
Insecta: Lepidoptera : Family Pieridae: Subfamily Pierinae : Genus Aporia: Species crataegi:
Description
This distinctive butterfly became extinct in Britain during the 1920's for reasons which are still unknown although the general loss of habitat and changes in agricultural practices and use of insecticides on crops is most likley to blame. It is a large butterfly with a powerful soaring flight. As the wings of older individuals become worn the wings look opaque and are patterned with distinctive black veins, hence its common name.

Black-veined Whites will often roost communally.
Habitat
The Black-veined White prefers scrub and woodland edges, hedgerows and orchards.
Distribution
Extinct in Britain (1890s/1920s). Many reintroduction attempts have been made but all have failed.
Where to see the Black-veined White in the British Isles
Extinct in Britain (1920s). Many reintroduction attempts have been made but all have failed.
Other notes
Reported sightings of the Black-viened White in Britain during 2007:

24-07-07 - Black-viened White seen at Stockbridge Down Hampshire.
It is difficult to tell is this sighting is of a true migrant individual which managed to make its own way to Britain from mainland Europe or a accidental escape or deliberate release by a breeder in the UK. This butterfly apparently stayed in this location for several days... many butterfly enthusiasts managed to also photograph this individual.
Lifecycle chart
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Flight chart
JanuaryFebruaryMarchAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecember
The lifecycle and flight charts should be regarded as approximate guides to the Black-veined White in Britain. Specific lifecycle states, adult emergence and peak flight times vary from year to year due to variations in weather conditions.
IUCN category status 2010 5   IUCN category status 2007 34
Regionally Extinct Regionally Extinct

5Fox, R., Warren, M., Brereton, T. M., Roy, D. B. & Robinson, A.
(2010) A new Red List of British Butterflies. Insect Conservation and Diversity.
Regionally Extinct Regionally Extinct

3Fox, R., Warren, M & Brereton, T.
(2007) New Red List of British Butterflies. Butterfly Conservation, Wareham.

4More information about IUCN categories.
Wingspan
-mm
UK status
Extinct
Larval foodplants
In Britain the Black-veined White larval foodplants in the UK were Blackthorn (Prunus spinosa) and Hawthorns (Crataegus spp.).

It may also use a variety of orchard trees such as Plum, Peach, Wild and Bird Cherry (Prunus spp.), Apple (Malus spp.) and Pear (Pyrus communis).
Butterflies of Britain ID Chart
Your personal guide to British Butterflies. This 8-panel laminated chart is designed for speedy butterfly identification in the field. Ideal for anyone interested in identifying butterflies, perfect for children and adults and ideal for outdoor use, laminated, shower-proof and robust. Get your copy today.
Butterflies of Britain (Laminated ID Chart).
Online store
Visit our online store for many more butterfly related books and gifts.
Population trends 1
UK Population trend 1995-2004 not applicable
UK Population trend 1976-2004 not applicable

1Fox, R., Asher. J., Brereton. T., Roy, D & Warren, M. (2006) The State of Butterflies in Britain & Ireland, Pices, Oxford.
UK BAP status 2
UK BAP status not applicable (link)

2For information about the UK Biodiversity Action Plan, visit the JNCC web site jncc.defra.gov.uk.

National Biodiversity Network Gateway
National Biodiversity Network Gateway Distribution Map



Areas in and indicate a contraction in distribution of the Black-veined White except in Ireland where data is only available up until 1999.

* Records shown in outside the natural distribution may be the result of illegal or accidental releases by breeders or, depending upon the species, migrant individuals from mainland Europe.

Key to map*
= 2000 to 2010 inclusive (current distribution)
= records from 1950 to 1999 inclusive
= records from 1900 to 1949 inclusive
Records prior to 1st January 1900 are not shown.

The NBN Gateway records are shown on the map right. (See terms and conditions).

More data is available on the Black-veined White on the NBN Gateway web site.
Powered by NBN Gateway.
References
For full details of books and reports mentioned on this web site, view the references page.

Find out more online*
Black-veined White can be found on Peter Eeles excellent UK Butterflies web site.
Black-veined White can be found on Matt Rowlings excellent European Butterflies web site.

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Photographs of the Black-veined White
Image ID BB678 - Black-veined White - © Steven Cheshire
Black-veined White male (imago)
BB678 ©
Image ID BB677 - Black-veined White - © Steven Cheshire
Black-veined White male (imago)
BB677 ©
Image ID BB676 - Black-veined White - © Steven Cheshire
Black-veined White male (imago)
BB676 ©
Image ID BB675 - Black-veined White - © Steven Cheshire
Black-veined White male (imago)
BB675 ©
Image ID BB674 - Black-veined White - © Steven Cheshire
Black-veined White male (imago)
BB674 ©
Image ID BB673 - Black-veined White - © Steven Cheshire
Black-veined White male (imago)
BB673 ©
Image ID BB672 - Black-veined White - © Steven Cheshire
Black-veined White male (imago)
BB672 ©
Image ID BB671 - Black-veined White - © Steven Cheshire
Black-veined White male (imago)
BB671 ©
Image ID BB670 - Black-veined White - © Steven Cheshire
Black-veined White female (imago)
BB670 ©
Image ID BB669 - Black-veined White - © Steven Cheshire
Black-veined White male (imago)
BB669 ©
There are 11 photographs of the Black-veined White in our stock photo library.
View more photographs of the Black-veined White as a thumbnail gallery or as a slideshow.
Aberrations and forms
There are 2 named aberrant forms of the Black-veined White currently listed. Find out more about aberrants here.

ab. marginata - Tutt 1896
ab. suffusa - Tutt 1896